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Refrigerated Trucks Assist the Cold Chain Industry Move on to Standardization

May 31,2021

Refrigerated Trucks Assist the Cold Chain Industry Move on to Standardization

  In China, cold chain logistics has been developing for more than a decade, and cold chain equipment is becoming more and more comprehensive and standardized. As one of the tool for cold chain transport - vehicles - are bound to receive more attention. As early as July 1, 2015, the latest national standard for cold chain vehicles, "Safety Requirements and Test Methods for Cold Chain Vehicles for Road Transport, Food and Biological Products" (Standard No. GB 29753-2013), was implemented, which divides cold chain vehicles into eight classes from A to H. The implementation of this standard has played an important role in regulating and promoting the cold chain equipment market in China.

  From the perspective of cold chain logistics entities, generally speaking, cold chain logistics transport has usually divided into three categories: constant temperature (about 20 degrees), cold chain (about 5 degrees), frozen (about -18 degrees) three, so I suggest that the official on the reefer car name, the future unified to change to cold chain car more appropriate, because the cold chain car including frozen car, refrigerated car, constant temperature car and so on a variety of models, If it is simply called a refrigerated truck, I feel that the scope is relatively narrow, and it is also easy to give newcomers a misunderstanding.

  Cold chain logistics after more than ten years of development has been in a higher stage of development, the norms and standards are also being gradually improved, from the perspective of the entity, the cold chain vehicles don't support the actual needs of enterprises or there are a number of deviations. The current cold chain vehicle market, there are several common practical problems need to be standardized, such as carriage chassis and carriage factory can not collaborate many times, there are many drivers who bought their own carriage chassis, in order to save money, and have to contact the carriage factory to make the body, because they are not familiar with the relevant regulations and processes, and ultimately lead to the vehicle can not pass the vehicle department's examination, which also extends another topic: the cold chain vehicle can be integrated, such as GPS insulation and other vehicle packages by the manufacturers, rather than manufacturers to buy on behalf of the unified package, so as to avoid individuals to buy a cold chain vehicle after. This will also prevent individuals from looking for various supporting facilities after purchasing a cold chain vehicle.

  Regarding the actual weight and rated weight of the cold chain vehicles, I hope the relevant departments can pay attention to the problem, especially for the cold chain city distribution enterprises. 4.2m cold chain vehicles are the mainstream, but the weight problem on the vehicle type is to make the cold chain enterprises very helpless, according to the standard weight, 4.2m cold chain vehicles can be loaded with 1000kg without overloading, if loaded according to this weight, the cold chain enterprises will certainly lose money. Therefore, the cold chain industry is full of overloads in the city distribution chain, not only because the overload fines bring down the profit, but also bring potential hidden danger to the safety production.

  In addition, there is an industry issue to be discussed, namely the mismatch between cold chain vehicles and market demand is also a serious reality, currently in the cold chain logistics industry, the national level government perspective is vigorously developed, but in the terminal audience groups, awareness and acceptance is greatly discounted, which has caused a mismatch between supply and demand, your cold chain vehicles are equipped excellent , but the terminal does not recognize will make cold chain vehicle purchase and configuration desire is greatly reduced. A a number of end customers in the acceptance of quilted cars, vans, room temperature car awareness than the cold chain vehicle is much stronger, in the premise of not paying attention to food safety, the chain of interests has become the cold chain industry demand and supply contradictions.

  Recently, the topic of insurance companies not underwriting cold chain vehicle insurance has also caused widespread concern in the cold chain industry. The cold chain vehicles transport relatively high value-added ingredients, and without the escort of the insurance industry, I'm afraid it would be even worse for those who are already fearful of entering the cold chain industry.

  We emphasis that cold chain logistics is a complex industry, and its complexity is not only reflected in the complexity of commodities and transport nodes, but also in the need for coordination and attention from multiple departments. Without the support and attention of the relevant departments, every insignificant detail could be the straw that breaks their back.

  Overall, people's demand for fresh food has ignited a demand for cold chain vehicles, prompting the cold chain industry to enter a long-term growth cycle, and this trend will fundamentally increase the demand for domestic cold chain vehicles, as confirmed by the sales department of Foton's cold chain vehicles during last year's new coronavirus pneumonia, with Li Minghui, Director of Key Account Projects at the Foton Times Division, telling the author that in 2020 the simple figure of having completed the annual sales of cold chain vehicles in October is enough to illustrate the necessity of cold chain logistics to people's lives.

  Regarding the development of new energy cold chain vehicles, it is indeed a good choice from the perspective of environmental protection and city distribution, but in terms of the requirements of the cold chain vehicles themselves, the cold chain vehicles have high temperature requirements and consume large amounts of electricity, while new energy cold chain vehicles are limited by the storage capacity of the power battery, inconvenient charging, short range and high purchase costs. The current technology of new energy cold chain vehicles is immature, the cost is high, the model announcement is less, the battery technology is backward, from the perspective of cold chain vehicle manufacturers, the return on capital is not high, from the perspective of cold chain vehicle users, the battery provides unstable power, and the battery is greatly affected by weather factors, the use is limited in extremely cold or hot weather, and the right of way policy of new energy vehicles in various cities is also For various reasons, the performance of new energy cold chain vehicles in the actual sales process is not good.

  A friend engaged in cold chain equipment for nearly two decades told me that, with the improvement of people's living standards, people's food safety requirements are getting higher and higher, the cold chain vehicle market quality awareness is also increasing, the current cold chain vehicle in the direction of compliance, lightweight, intelligent, multifunctional, special cargo customization development.

  Compliance: With the introduction of many cold chain logistics policies in many regions and fields, the standardization system of cold chain logistics is becoming more and more perfect, and the regulation of the cold chain vehicle industry is gradually strengthened, and is developing in the direction of standardization and standardization.

  Lightweight: The standard of "do more with less" is the common demand of both the supply and demand sides of the cold chain. With the rising fuel prices and staff wages, the cost of the cold chain is under considerable pressure, and the light weight of cold chain vehicles brings great direct economic benefits to the market.

  Intelligent: temperature and humidity probes, load sensors and other Internet of Things equipment, to achieve monitoring and control of cold chain vehicle trajectory, sensing the car temperature, vehicle load, etc.

  Multi-functionality: mainly in terms of large volume cold chain vehicles, multiple-temperature zones transport, etc. With the continuous development, maturity and perfection of the domestic cold chain logistics market, the industry is bound to be subdivided, and the current "all-you-can-eat" practice of relying on a cold car to transport all goods in a crude manner or even "dry and cold goods" will be changed. Cargo subdivision requires equipment subdivision support, subdivision is under the multifunctional meet.

  Special cargo customization: affected by the African swine fever, the new crown epidemic, live pig transport, live poultry trading are subject to a large degree of restriction, the future meat market will gradually shift to the direction of cold fresh meat, frozen meat. Customized vehicles such as meat hookers, live fish transporters and vaccine transporters are also one of the future trends.

  It is believed that with the improvement of the national economic level, the development of agricultural products, fresh e-commerce, cold chain home distribution and other industries as well as the upgrading and change of the consumption structure, cold chain vehicles will also be prompted to gradually develop from the original unregulated, single into a standardized, standardized aspect of development, cold chain logistics vehicles will usher in a new golden period of development. The current data of nearly 280,000 cold chain vehicles in China will be further improved. Cold chain logistics transport will definitely become an essential part of the country's livelihood and food safety, while cold chain logistics requires close attention and functional

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